Real Facts about Underage Drinking
You probably see and hear a lot about alcoholfrom TV, movies, music, and your
friends. But what are the real facts about underage alcohol use?
Myth Alcohol isn’t as harmful as other drugs.
FACT Alcohol increases your risk for many deadly diseases, such
as cancer. Drinking too much alcohol too quickly can lead to alcohol poisoning,
which can kill you.
Myth Drinking is a good way to loosen up at parties.
FACT Drinking is a dumb way to loosen up. It can make you act silly,
say things you shouldn’t say, and do things you wouldn’t normally do (like get into
Myth Drinking alcohol will make me cool.
FACT There’s nothing cool about stumbling around, passing out,
or puking on yourself. Drinking alcohol also can cause bad breath and weight gain.
Myth All of the other kids drink alcohol. I need to drink to fit
FACT If you really want to fit in, stay sober. Most young people don’t drink alcohol. Research shows that only about 1 out of 9 youth ages 12 to 17 used alcohol during the past month.1
Myth I can sober up quickly by taking a cold shower or drinking
FACT On average, it takes 2 to 3 hours for a single drink to leave
the body. Nothing can speed up the process, not even drinking coffee, taking a cold
shower, or “walking it off.”
Myth Adults drink, so kids should be able to drink, too.
FACT A young person’s brain and body are still growing. Drinking alcohol can cause learning problems or lead to adult alcoholism. In 2013, adults who had started to drink alcohol at age 14 or younger were much more likely to be classified with alcohol dependence or abuse than adults who had their first drink at age 21 or older (14.8 vs. 2.3 percent).2
Myth Beer and wine are safer than liquor.
FACT Alcohol is alcohol. It can cause you problems no matter how
you consume it. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a
half cup) has as much alcohol as a 1.5-ounce shot of liquor. Alcopopssweet
drinks laced with malt liquoroften contain more alcohol than beer!
Myth I can drink alcohol and not have any problems.
FACT If you’re under 21, drinking alcohol is a big problem: It’s
illegal. If caught, you may have to pay a fine, perform community service, or take
alcohol awareness classes. Kids who drink also are more likely to get poor grades
in school and are at higher risk for being a crime victim.
1 Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2015). Behavioral health trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. SMA 15-4927, NSDUH Series H-50).
2 Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2013). Results from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings, NSDUH Series H-48, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4863.